The Health Benefits of Beetroot - Jamswift International

Nutrients in Beetroot


Beet greens are a very good source of calcium, iron, Vitamins A and C. Beetroots are an excellent source of folic acid. They are a very good source of fiber, manganese and potassium. Beet greens and beetroot are a good source of phosphorus, magnesium, iron and vitamin B6. Betacyanin is the pigment that gives beetroot its color, and has powerful antioxidant properties.



NUTRITIONAL HIGHLIGHTS


Beets, raw                              Nutritional value per                                            100 g (3.5 oz)

Energy                                      180 kJ (43 kcal)

Carbohydrates                         9.56 g

Dietary fiber                             2.8 g

Fat                                      0.17 g

Protein                                     1.61 g

Vitamin A equiv.                     2 ?g

- beta-carotene                        20 ?g

- lutein and zeaxanthin           0 ?g

Thiamine (Vit. B)                   0.031 mg

Riboflavin (Vit. B)                   0.040 mg

Niacin (Vit. B)                      0.334 mg

Pantothenic acid (B)           0.155 mg

* Vitamin B                             0.067 mg

* Folate (Vit. B)                      109 ?g

* Vitamin C                              4.9 mg

* Calcium                                 16 mg

* Iron                                  0.80 mg

* Magnesium                        23 mg

Phosphorus                           40 mg Potassium                               325 mg


Zinc                                    0.35 m




 Beetroot for Cholesterol Reduction

Beet fiber has been shown to have cholesterol lowering capabilities. In a study on rats with induced high blood cholesterol, a red beet fiber diet caused a reduction of serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels (by 30 and 40%, respectively) and a significant increase in HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol). This diet induced also a significant decrease (almost by 30%) of cholesterol content in the aorta.


Beetroot juice for lower blood pressure


Beetroot juice has been shown to lower blood pressure in subjects with normal blood pressure. In healthy volunteers, approximately 3 hours after ingestion of 500 ml of beetroot juice, blood pressure was substantially reduced, an effect that correlated with peak increases in plasma nitrite concentration, nitrite being the blood pressure reducing ingredient. Beetroot and nitrate capsules are equally effective in lowering blood pressure indicating that it is the nitrate content of beetroot juice that underlies its potential to reduce blood pressure. It has also been found that only a small amount of juice is needed – just 250ml – to have this effect.



Beetroot for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Betaine, a nutrient found in beets and some other foods lowers plasma homocysteine, a possible risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Betaine supplements are manufactured as a byproduct of sugar beet processing. Betaine “supplementation” has however been found to increase blood LDL cholesterol and triglyceride concentrations in healthy humans, which may undo the potential benefits for cardiovascular health of betaine supplementation through homocysteine lowering.



Regards,

The Team at Jamswift

www.jamswift.com

Beetroot for Cancer Prevention

The in vitro inhibitory effect of beet root extract on Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) induction using Raji cells revealed a high order of activity compared to capsanthin, cranberry, red onion skin and short and long red bell peppers. An in vivo anti-tumor promoting activity evaluation against the mice skin and lung bioassays also revealed a significant tumor inhibitory effect. The combined findings suggest that beetroot ingestion can be a useful means to help prevent cancer.

In patients that had various forms of gastritis and gastric cancer, it was found that beet juice may inhibit or enhance N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) formation depending on the gastric juice composition, pH in particular. In acid medium (pH-1.3-3.4) there was a trend to inhibition of NDMA synthesis, while in neutral and alkaline (pH = 7.4-8.5) medium NDMA synthesis is activated. N-nitrosodimethylamine is a nitrosamine, and is a suspected human carcinogen.

Beetroot for healthy liver function

Beetroot contains the bioactive agent betaine, which supports healthy liver function. When the liver is functioning properly, fats are broken down efficiently, aiding weight loss, and preventing fatigue and nausea.



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References1.The Encyclopedia of Healing Foods by Michael Murray, Joseph Pizzorno, and Lara Pizzorno.2.Benders’ Dictionary of Nutrition and Food Technology.3. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference.4.Sreekanth D, Arunasree MK, Roy KR, Chandramohan Reddy T, Reddy GV, Reddanna P. Betanin a betacyanin pigment purified from fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica induces apoptosis in human chronic myeloid leukemia Cell line-K562. Phytomedicine. 2007 Nov;14(11):739-46. Epub 2007 May 7. PMID: 17482444.5.Kanner J, Harel S, Granit R. Betalains–a new class of dietary cationized antioxidants. J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Nov;49(11):5178-85. PMID: 11714300.6.Váli L, Stefanovits-Bányai E, Szentmihályi K, Fébel H, Sárdi E, Lugasi A, Kocsis I, Blázovics A. Liver-protecting effects of table beet (Beta vulgaris var. rubra) during ischemia-reperfusion. Nutrition. 2007 Feb;23(2):172-8. PMID: 17234508.

7.Kapadia GJ, Tokuda H, Konoshima T, Nishino H. Chemoprevention of lung and skin cancer by Beta vulgaris (beet) root extract. Cancer Lett. 1996 Feb 27;100(1-2):211-4. PMID: 8620443.

8.Bobek P, Galbavý S, Mariássyová M. The effect of red beet (Beta vulgaris var. rubra) fiber on alimentary hypercholesterolemia and chemically induced colon carcinogenesis in rats. Nahrung. 2000 Jun;44(3):184-7. PMID: 109072409.Olthof MR, van Vliet T, Verhoef P, Zock PL, Katan MB. Effect of homocysteine-lowering nutrients on blood lipids: results from four randomised, placebo-controlled studies in healthy humans. PLoS Med. 2005 May;2(5):e135. Epub 2005 May 31. PMID: 1591646810.Ahluwalia A., et al. Acute blood pressure lowering, vasoprotective, and antiplatelet properties of dietary nitrate via bioconversion to nitrite. Hypertension. 2008 Mar;51(3):784-90. PMID: 1825036511.Il?itski? AP, Iurchenko VA. [Effect of fruit and vegetable juices on the changes in the production of carcinogenic N-nitroso compounds in human gastric juice] Vopr Pitan. 1993 Jul-Sep;(4):44-6. PMID: 807369412.Carol Ann Rinzler. The New Complete Book of Food – A Nutritional, Medical, and Culinary Guide13.Amrita Ahluwalia, et al. Inorganic Nitrate Supplementation Lowers Blood Pressure in Humans. Hypertension, 2010; DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.110.15353614.Carol Ann Rinzler, The New Complete Book of Food. A Nutritional, Medical, and Culinary Guide



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