Nutrients in Beetroot
Beet greens are a very good source of calcium, iron, Vitamins A and C. Beetroots are an excellent source of folic acid.
They are a very good source of fiber, manganese and potassium. Beet
greens and beetroot are a good source of phosphorus, magnesium, iron and
vitamin B6. Betacyanin is the pigment that gives beetroot its color, and has powerful antioxidant properties.
Beets, raw Nutritional value per
100 g (3.5 oz)
180 kJ (43 kcal)
Vitamin A equiv. 2 ?g
- lutein and zeaxanthin
Thiamine (Vit. B)
Riboflavin (Vit. B)
Niacin (Vit. B)
Pantothenic acid (B)
* Vitamin B
* Folate (Vit. B)
* Vitamin C
Phosphorus 40 mg Potassium 325 mg
Beetroot for Cholesterol Reduction
Beet fiber has been shown to have cholesterol lowering
capabilities. In a study on rats with induced high blood cholesterol, a
red beet fiber diet caused a reduction of serum cholesterol and
triglyceride levels (by 30 and 40%, respectively) and a significant
increase in HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol). This diet induced also a significant decrease (almost by 30%) of cholesterol content in the aorta.
Beetroot juice for lower blood pressure
Beetroot juice has been shown to lower blood pressure
in subjects with normal blood pressure. In healthy volunteers,
approximately 3 hours after ingestion of 500 ml of beetroot juice, blood
pressure was substantially reduced, an effect that correlated with peak
increases in plasma nitrite concentration, nitrite being the blood
pressure reducing ingredient.
Beetroot and nitrate capsules are equally effective in lowering blood
pressure indicating that it is the nitrate content of beetroot juice
that underlies its potential to reduce blood pressure. It has also been
found that only a small amount of juice is needed – just 250ml – to have
Beetroot for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention
Betaine, a nutrient found in beets and some other foods lowers plasma homocysteine,
a possible risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Betaine supplements
are manufactured as a byproduct of sugar beet processing. Betaine
“supplementation” has however been found to increase blood LDL cholesterol
and triglyceride concentrations in healthy humans, which may undo the
potential benefits for cardiovascular health of betaine supplementation
through homocysteine lowering.
The Team at Jamswift
Beetroot for Cancer Prevention
The in vitro inhibitory effect of beet root extract on Epstein-Barr
virus early antigen (EBV-EA) induction using Raji cells revealed a high
order of activity compared to capsanthin, cranberry, red onion skin and
short and long red bell peppers. An in vivo anti-tumor promoting
activity evaluation against the mice skin and lung bioassays also
revealed a significant tumor inhibitory effect. The combined findings
suggest that beetroot ingestion can be a useful means to help prevent
In patients that had various forms of gastritis and gastric cancer, it was found that beet juice may inhibit or enhance
N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) formation depending on the gastric juice
composition, pH in particular. In acid medium (pH-1.3-3.4) there was a
trend to inhibition of NDMA synthesis, while in neutral and alkaline (pH
= 7.4-8.5) medium NDMA synthesis is activated. N-nitrosodimethylamine
is a nitrosamine, and is a suspected human carcinogen.
Beetroot for healthy liver function
Beetroot contains the bioactive agent betaine, which supports healthy liver function. When the liver is functioning properly, fats are broken down efficiently, aiding weight loss, and preventing fatigue and nausea.
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